Zakaria doesn have a single solution to offer

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uk canada goose understand that we need a certain number of philosophers, and I understand that it important to have a certain number of people who study history. But we not currently creating a lot of jobs in those areas. So we have to look at what curriculums we really need. People who are getting degrees in philosophy and history, canada goose jacket outlet store God bless them, it wonderful that they critical thinkers. But now they going back to a college of technology to get a life skill to get a job. Brian Schweitzer, Governor of Montana, 2005 2013 (Hechinger Report, 27 June 2012) Marvin Lansverk uk canada goose

canada goose black friday sale Perhaps I should start with a bias warning: I went to a liberal arts university. I teach English literature. I like the liberal arts, whether as a major or part of a broad based undergraduate education. And I dismayed by the recent rhetorical turn in the media, along with legislative and policy initiatives, away from the liberal arts as if they are suddenly pass or something to be feared your kid will become interested in, like drugs, especially when such expressions are accompanied by statements implying that the liberal arts don lead to employable skills. Thus even before I picked it up, I expected I would like Zakaria recent In Defense of a Liberal Education, and I do: but not just because it validates my own views. Actually I disagree with a number of his views and am bothered by some of his analysis, which seems overly glib. But what I especially like about Zakaria modest book is that it isn simply another jeremiad about the ills of American higher education, nor an uninformed call for radical changes which too often tend to throw the proverbial baby out with the bathwater, nor an ideological rant with more ideology than information. Instead, it a welcome call for balance, written with balance: balancing data, personal stories, social policy, and an understanding of the history of liberal education in America and the multiple purposes of higher education, all accomplished in the context of Zakaria deep knowledge of the present social and political global landscape. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose uk outlet The book started as a commencement address defending liberal education to the 2014 graduating class of Sarah Lawrence College certainly preaching to the choir. Ten months later, the well received address was expanded into this book, the best audience for which now might be said to be the skeptics, or cold cruel world realists who wonder if our students still have time for canada goose outlet in vancouver Chaucer when our global competitiveness canada goose jacket outlet toronto is at stake. To them, Zakaria says yes, the liberal arts matter, using his own life story as an important perspective on the material, making the book partly canada goose uk site a personal memoir, partly a history of higher education, and partly a canada goose outlet london call for more informed and data driven education policies, especially by our leaders who should know better, whether President Obama promise you, folks can make a lot more potentially, with skilled manufacturing or the trades than they might with an art history degree, or the governors from Texas, Florida, North Carolina, and Wisconsin with their recent attempts to de fund the liberal arts at their state universities, with Rick Scott of Florida it a vital interest of the state to have more anthropologists? I don think so. It is actually a collection of six essays (the six chapters of the book) with a fairly broad focus. were barely on the radar of Indians). Zakaria then tells how at Yale he discovered the power of a liberal canada goose shop uk education and through it also discovered his future path in international politics and economics, majoring in history (subsequently earning a PhD in Government from Harvard). What makes the story powerful and contemporary is that it canada goose outlet near me a version of the classic story, in its canada goose outlet hong kong Global 2.0 incarnation, of an individual making good through hard work, determination, and exposure to the American system of higher education. And the story itself is a necessary reminder to policymakers now, appropriately worried about American global competitiveness and statistics showing us falling behind in the educational attainment of our population. And the moral of the story is that canada goose outlet in toronto our education system, with all its problems, is still the envy of the world. And still producing remarkable results. canada goose uk outlet

canada goose uk shop Chapter Two, Brief History of Liberal Education, though brief, covers a two thousand year history, starting with the Greeks, dashing through the establishment of medieval universities, with a glance at Britain, to an examination of the American system, with a focus on Harvard curricular innovations, the rise of electives, and the emergence of our standard liberal arts curricula with a core canada goose outlet online store curriculum, a major, and a healthy dose of exploration and free choice. Zakaria theme throughout is that societies have always struggled with balancing competing needs in their education systems, that curricula in this country have always been undergoing changes, that they aren frozen in the medieval past (which some critics continue to claim). Nevertheless, Zakaria recognizes that improvements still need to be made: especially in increasing the scientific literacy of all students. Zakaria again offers a personal example of change, of Yale recent joint venture (where Zakaria had become a trustee) with the National University of Singapore to establish a new liberal arts institution in Asia, Yale NUS College, which opened its doors Fall 2013. Recognizing Singapore own need to develop more of the kinds of creativity and critical canada goose outlet black friday sale thinking and entrepreneurship characteristic of American higher education and even more of the self discovery it has made a recent bet on more liberal education, not less. canada goose uk shop

Canada Goose online The value of this Chapter 2 actually lies in its brevity. It isn that the history Zakaria tells here is new, and it is developed in far less detail than canada goose outlet store quebec in the sources that Zakaria draws upon (carefully citing the sources in this first book since his own citation scandal in 2012 that we have seen affect other public intellectuals similarly writing at speed with research staffs, and therefore sometimes not as careful about citations as the standards of academic research require). But overviews have goose outlet canada their role as well. And many current skeptics or other busy people paying only occasional attention to higher education debates aren going to take the time to read the comprehensive histories of the liberal arts (such as Wesleyan president, Michael Roth 2014 erudite Beyond the University: Why Liberal Education Matters, which Zakaria also cites). So there is value in quickly retelling the story, reminding us of how we got here, and reminding us what the liberal in liberal education means, which seems especially important for those made queasy by having any association with a term that also serves canada goose outlet seattle as a political label as well (Zakaria own political views have been variously characterized as centrist, moderate, liberal, and/or conservative). In this case, Zakaria reminds readers that the liberal in liberal education has its roots in a canada goose outlet winnipeg address two thousand year history of liberation and freedom and not in 21st century American politics. Canada Goose online

cheap canada goose uk Chapter Three, to Think, finally gets down to the business of defending liberal education. And the lead in is the question: but what about jobs? Thus, the arguments Zakaria makes become both philosophical and practical at the same time, matching the balance that characterizes the canada goose coats uk book. His specific arguments why liberal education must continue to be valued aren new, but the examples and topical asides are. In brief, what liberal education imparts, and what it did for him personally, is three things: 1) it teaches you to write, 2) to think, and 3) canada goose outlet black friday to learn. This bald summary isn that interesting but the balance of examples, anecdotes, quotes from CEOs and data that Zakaria compiles makes for compelling reading. and other nations with educational systems more like ours tend to do poorly on, revealing an https://www.unicorndesigns.ca increasing lack of preparation and competence in a variety of subjects by our students, yet whose results don track with actual global competitiveness and success. While a highly complex issue, one lesson relevant in an age of increasing testing regimes canada goose outlet las vegas is that not everything that matters can be measured. Quoting Singapore former minister of education comparing our system to theirs, Zakaria reports Tharman Shanmugaratnam comparative comments: is a talent meritocracy, ours is an exam meritocracy. There are some canada goose outlet store uk parts of the intellect that we are not able to test well like creativity, curiosity, a sense of adventure, ambition. These are areas where Singapore must learn from America. And he starts with a meditation on the founding fathers and especially on Ben Franklin as the poster child canada goose outlet usa for the American system. Interestingly, this is also the chapter where Zakaria addresses some of the problems bedeviling higher education, including costs that continue to outpace inflation and the continued cost shifting from public sources to individuals, leading to increased individual debt. Zakaria doesn have a single solution to offer, but experienced in the power of mass media to reach all parts of the globe as he is he, like many others, is fascinated by the promises of technology and distance delivery of courses, especially MOOCs (still new enough to require an identification of the acronym: Massive Open Online Courses). Still in their infancy, they already are expanding access to information, to great teachers, and to American liberal education. One thing Zakaria finds interesting about MOOCs canada goose outlet uk sale is that students worldwide aren just seeking out engineering and technical courses in this online environment; they are also interested in the liberal arts. cheap canada goose uk

Canada Goose Online Chapters 5 and 6, and Power, and Defense of Today Youth, turn to even canada goose outlet legit broader subjects, though are each short chapters. Chapter 5 addresses the power of knowledge to change the world, and Chapter 6 is Zakaria attempt to canada goose outlet mall address the value of a liberal education in developing the individual life of the mind and ourselves canada goose outlet jackets as human beings. Though worthy subjects, both read a bit more like newspaper columns than book chapters at this point and it not surprising that the most frequently referenced source in these latter chapters is New York Times columnist David Brooks, whom Zakaria sees himself in dialogue with here. Canada Goose Online

buy canada goose jacket Ultimately, it is dialogue that Zakaria wants to promote with this book informed dialogue. And his method of provoking it is to provide a out Google Earth view of canada goose outlet washington dc American higher education, which to keep the map metaphor going a bit functions as canada goose jacket outlet a kind of Mercator projection with the importance of liberal education at the center. And as such, it is successful, bearing the strengths and weaknesses of such an intent. It makes effective use of Zakaria compelling success story, making his story canada goose outlet niagara falls emblematic of our times; it provides a good overview of issues in higher education; it provides a useful survey of many buy canada goose uk recent good books on the same subject (from Canada Goose Outlet Sale Andrew Delbanco College: What It Was, Is, and Should Be (2012), to canada goose jacket uk Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College canada goose outlet in chicago Campuses (2010), and Excellent Sheep (2014) all previously reviewed in Montana Professor, the latter in this issue); it written in a breezy, quick reading journalistic prose, and it provides much concrete data to counter the recent canada goose parka outlet public narrative that we outgrown or can no longer afford our childish preoccupation with liberal education. As for its weaknesses, like an unfocused essay, perhaps, the book tries to do too much, thereby having to cover territory too quickly, occasionally relying on too many generalizations in the meantime. And sometimes Zakaria wraps up a survey of complex issues with a simple question as a conclusion, such as this so bad? That method, however, is a good indication of the purpose of the book. But the corner never appeared. Instead, teaching techniques at colleges and universities, which pride themselves on spewing out creative ideas that disrupt the rest of society, have continued to evolve at a glacial pace. buy canada goose jacket

Canada Goose sale Sure, PowerPoint presentations have displaced chalkboards, enrollments in “massive open online courses” often exceed 100,000 (though the number of engaged students tends to be much smaller), and “flipped classrooms” replace homework with watching taped lectures, while class canada goose outlet woodbury time is spent discussing homework exercises. But, given education’s centrality to raising productivity, shouldn’t efforts to reinvigorate today’s sclerotic Western economies focus on how to reinvent higher education? Canada Goose sale

Canada Goose Parka One can understand why change is slow to take root at the primary and secondary school level, where the social and political obstacles are massive. But colleges and universities have far more canada goose uk capacity to experiment; indeed, in many ways, that is their raison d’tre. Canada Goose Parka

canada goose coats on sale For example, what sense does it make for each college in the United States to offer its own highly idiosyncratic lectures on core topics like freshman calculus, economics, and US history, often with classes of 500 students or more? Sometimes these giant classes are great, but anyone who has gone to college can tell you that is not the norm. canada goose coats on sale

canadian goose jacket At least for large scale introductory courses, why not let canada goose outlet michigan students everywhere watch highly produced recordings by the world’s best professors and lecturers, much as we do with music, sports, and entertainment? This does not mean a one size fits all scenario: there could be a competitive market, as there already is for textbooks, with perhaps a dozen people dominating much of the market. canadian goose jacket

canada goose And videos could be used in modules, so a school could choose to use, say, one package to teach the first part of a course, and a completely different package to teach the second part. Professors could still mix in live lectures on their favorite topics, but as a treat, not as a boring routine. canada goose

canada goose uk black friday A shift to recorded lectures is only one example. The potential for developing specialized software and apps to advance higher education is endless. There is already some experimentation with using software to help understand individual students’ challenges and deficiencies in ways that guide teachers on how to give the most constructive feedback. But so far, such initiatives are very limited. canada goose uk black friday

Canada Goose Outlet Perhaps canada goose premium outlet change in tertiary education is so glacial because the learning is deeply interpersonal, making human teachers essential. But wouldn’t it canada goose outlet store montreal make more sense for the bulk of faculty teaching time to be devoted to helping students engage in active learning through discussion and exercises, rather than to sometimes hundredth best lecture performances?3 Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose clearance sale Yes, outside of traditional brick and mortar universities, there has been some remarkable innovation. The Khan Academy has produced a treasure trove of lectures on a variety of topics, and it is particularly strong in teaching basic mathematics. Although the main target audience is advanced high school students, there is a lot of material that college students (or anyone) would find useful. canada goose clearance sale

uk canada goose outlet Moreover, there are some great websites, including Crash Course and Ted Ed, that contain short general education videos on a huge variety of subjects, from philosophy to biology to history. But while a small number of innovative professors are using such methods to reinvent their courses, the tremendous resistance they face from other faculty holds down the size of the market and makes it hard to justify the canada goose outlet edmonton investments needed to produce more rapid change. uk canada goose outlet

canada goose factory sale Let’s face it, college faculty are no keener to see technology cut into their jobs than any other group. And, unlike most factory workers, university faculty members have enormous power over the administration. Any university president that tries to run roughshod over them will usually lose her job long before any faculty member does. canada goose factory sale

canada goose clearance Of course, change will eventually come, and when it does, the potential effect on economic growth and social welfare will be enormous. It is difficult to suggest an exact monetary figure, because, like many things in the modern tech world, money spent on education does not capture the full social impact. But even the most conservative estimates suggest the vast potential. In the US, tertiary education accounts for over 2.5% of GDP (roughly $500 billion), and yet much of this is spent quite inefficiently. The real cost, though, is not the squandered tax money, but the fact that today’s youth could be learning so much more than canada goose outlet official they do. canada goose clearance

canada goose coats Universities and colleges are pivotal to the future of our societies. But, given impressive and ongoing advances in technology and artificial intelligence, it is hard to see how they can continue playing this role without reinventing themselves over the next two decades. Education innovation will disrupt academic employment, but the benefits to jobs everywhere else could be enormous. If there were more disruption within the ivory tower, economies just might become more resilient to disruption outside it. Sen. Tammy Duckworth (D Ill.) described canada goose jacket outlet sale Nov. 12, 2004, as her “alive day” during her George Washington University Commencement address Sunday on the National Mall. canada goose coats

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